There has been an explosion of copyright cases involving infringement of photographs, many involving small claims to one or a few photographs with little commercial value. How does one defend against such a case? A recent decision of a New York federal court points to an effective defense strategy.
Typically a case involves a professional photographer (or photograph licensing organization) alleging that it owns the copyright in a photograph that was then taken by a website or other user without paying a royalty fee. Some attorneys have even turned this into a cottage industry, leveraging the burden of litigation to extract large settlements. But the recent decision in Fameflynet, Inc. v. The Shoshana Collections, LLC (S.D.N.Y. 2018) may limit the effectiveness of such suits – and points to a strategy to defend them.
Fameflynet involved a typical claim − copying a celebrity photograph on the defendant’s website. The court found the infringement to be willful. But in awarding damages, it reasoned that the presumptive damages were only treble the license fee for the photograph − $75. And since the Copyright Act requires a minimum of statutory damages of $750 for willful infringement, that is what plaintiff was awarded.
The court also awarded about $17,000 in attorney’s fees – much less than the $68,000 sought. Apart from finding plaintiff’s hourly rates excessive, the court found many hours billed unnecessary, because the same firm had used form pleadings from prior similar cases.
The fairly nominal award points the way to an effective strategy in dealing with such cases: ascertain the license fee and proffer an offer of judgment under Rule 68 for treble the fee or $750, whichever is greater. Such an approach might have saved the defendant substantial fees, both its own and the plaintiff’s.